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M5A1 Annie B., Normandy, summer 1944. In 1939 the US Army had 4 very similar AFVs in service. The Light Tank M3 and M5, known as the General Stuart, was the first tank used by American forces in armored combat during WWII. The Light Tank M3 and M5, known as the General Stuart, was the first tank used by American forces in armored combat during WWII. The T65 was modified for anti-aircraft defense, equipped with a twin 40 mm (1.57 in) Bofors mounted on an M5A1 chassis. This tank proudly shows the emblem of the 66th Armoured Regiment, the oldest armoured unit in the history of the United States, founded by then Col. Patton of the US cavalry, which later commanded the 304th Tank Brigade during the late part of the campaign in Normandy and France. The M3. The Type 97 Chi-ha medium tank had a more powerful 47mm gun, but much thinner armour (only 25mm at its thickest), so the M5 and M5A1 could fight it on at least equal terms. They joined the invasion force during Operation Husky (Sicily) and Italy thereafter. $('.global-search-icon').on('click touch', function (e) { The latter also used new 16 in (40 cm) metal tracks. More so, when the M5 entered service, American drivers were unexpectedly happy to drive a “Cadillac” in wartime. If one of our writers can find the time and has sufficient information that they think will make a good article, then yes it will get one eventually The results being excellent, testing resumed at Aberdeen, aiming to gain the General Staff’s approval. Though officials have some concerns regarding the reliability of such a solution, the new tank passed all tests with excellence. As a result, in Europe, Stuarts were often limited to secondary roles. window.location.href = '/Search-Results.aspx?searchtext=' + $(this).val() + '&searchmode=anyword'; There were a crowbar, handbar, shovel, hammer, pickaxe, axe, pincer, and two double links that were fitted on the two corners of the back plate. By the time we got to Europe virtually no one else was still using it. Early Stuart M5 of the 81st Reconnaissance Batallion, 1st Armoured Division, Maontaione, Italy, July 1944. The M5 and M5A1 had vertical sides. Comparing: M5 Stuart vs. M5A1 Stuart A further modification of the M3 Stuart, the M5 entered production in April 1942. The M5 was reclassified as limited standard when the M5A1 became available, and the latter was reclassified substitute standard when the M24 Chaffee became available, but served until the end of the war. While the M3 form was eventually given up as soon as 1942, the M5 continued the Stuart legacy until it too was replaced by the M244 "Chaffee" light tank. The M3 and M5 family of light tanks were the culmination of American tank development of the 1930s. On the late series, the “rails” were continuous, allowing to strap a full side wall length of spare track links. Article by Andrés Bernal. For Sale: 1944 WWII M5A1 Stuart Light Tank project, just $150,000!! The British too were quite happy with the new light tanks (also dubbed “Honey”), as they were even easier to drive and quieter. Though not everyone was displeased with the small tank’s shortcomings. I’ve found all the info out there regarding crew positions ambiguous as some describe the tank from the front and some describe the tank from behind, so I’m not sure what he was still from the photos we have. The M5 and M6 tank mounted variants were used in several models of armored vehicles most notably in the Stuart Light Tank M3/M5, the Lee Medium Tank M3, and Greyhound Light Armored Car M8. Have patience. https://youtu.be/eWis_IbMHf4 There was a removable plate on the rear wall of the bustle, for easy extraction of the M6 37 mm (1.46 in) rounds. Required fields are marked *. Field Marshal Montgomery in a turret-less Stuart command tank displaying the badge of the 7th Armored Division (Dessert Rats), on the right side. Great stuff. Hello Jana, The T39 MRL was a proposed conversion project intended for infantry support in the Pacific, a regular M5 version rearmed with a T39 20 rocket launching kit. A further modification of the M3 Stuart, the M5 entered production in April 1942. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. The side pistol ports were first redesigned, then eliminated, and earlier models had theirs removed and the opening welded shut. make him small unless he has mouse focus Many Chinese, French, Portuguese versions, which were in service during the fifties and sixties, incorporated a few custom modifications. As a result, in Europe, Stuarts were often limited to secondary roles. Stuart M5A1 of the 757st Tank Batallion, Mount Porchia Italy, January 1944. The infantry had the M2A2 and the M2A3 Light tanks, whilst the U.S. Cavalry had the M1 and M2 Combat … \ The M5 "Stuart" (detailed elsewhere on this site) became a more evolved M3 with its paired Cadillac engines and new turret. The port for it was welded shut. M5A1 Stuart of the organic recce unit of the 501st Tank Destroyer Batallion, Volturno river, October 1943. I think you accidentally miswrote the m19 GMC as the m29 GMC, Hello there, M5A1 “Lil’ Red Hen”, France, fall 1944. }); Both were tested at Fort Knox, the T8E1 being judged superior and retained for production. The M24 Chaffee will receive an article sometime in the future. Thanks! A heavily modified M5A1 Stuart was featured in the movie Tank Girlas the eponymous heroine's tank. This was the second production version of the M5, which can be distinguished by the extended M3A3 turret model. M5 Stuart intro. So do you guys have any more info on the T82 light tank? To avoid interference with it, the cal.30 (7.62 mm) pintle mount had to be shifted from the back plate to the right hand side turret wall. M5A1 early production, 4th Marine Tank Batallion of the US Marine Corps on Roi-Namur, Kwajalein Atoll, February 1944. Stuart. The French M5A1s participated in the Indo-Chinese campaign until 1954, and the Portuguese ones (only three) served in Angola in 1967. The M5 was lightly armored, quick and maneuverable, with a top speed of 36 miles per hour. The turret had a Westinghouse gyrostabilizer and oil-gear power traverse. “Sloppy Joe”, late M5A1 from the 97th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron, Germany, January 1945. Therefore, other sources were approached in order to have the tank production still running in early 1941. $(function () { if ($('.pre-header > .pre-nav > .header-text .CMSEditableRegionEdit').length != 0) { The turret itself helps to distinguish between the early and later models, as on the early models, there were still pistol ports in the side walls. Thanks for your article. The first version, designated M3, went into production in 1941. It also carried up to five Browning ... - 9781935700807 - QBD Books - Buy Online for Better Range and Value. Because of this, it could only be fired by one of the crew -often the commander- from inside the turret, a considerable advantage for protection. 223 were given to the poorly equipped French Army in North Africa, which later were integrated into the 1st Free French Army and served in Italy, France and Southwestern Germany. Taiwanese M5A1 in 1949. Both light tanks quickly replaced the earlier M3s still in service and rapidly gained a reputation for themselves. Some M5 Stuart Recce armored transports and command Stuart Kangaroos were also seen in action under the British flag. M3 Stuarts (M3, M3A1, M3A3) were all powered by radial engines. An experimental 37mm semi-automatic gun known as the 37 mm Gun T16 was built and tested in the M5 Light. Will apritiate reciving it. The name Stuart was given to the tank by the British forces after Confederate General JEB Stuart though the Americans simply knew the tank as the Light Tank M3. In all, 6810 M5A1s were delivered, the last by Massey Harris in June 1944. However, the armor is slanted better, and doesn't make too much of a difference. It was basically an M5 with a new turret equipped with a regular ordinance 75 mm (2.95 in) M2 howitzer, and a heavy cal.50 (12.7 mm) machine gun for immediate defense. The tank was used in all theaters of The British Stuart VI saw extensive service in the last stages of the desert campaign (fall 1942, 2nd El Alamein battle, Tunisian campaign). American Crew American War American Soldiers American History Tank Stand Ww2 Tanks World Of … In the meantime, the American Cars & Foundry was brought into the program in October 1943, producing 1000 more. I have always wondered why the US stuck with the puny 37 mm gun . M5 Stuart on streets of Coburg, Germany April 1945. Both the M3 and M5 carried a 37mm cannon, which was, by most accounts, underpowered for combat with German tanks. No less than 33 countries had M3/M5 Stuarts in their arsenals (mostly in South America), some until the beginning of the nineties. Many surplus tanks found a long postwar career under other flags. Production only started in November (1196 tanks), December for the Southgate plant (Calif.), and Massey Harris (3530). Thanks to the new powerplant and lower drive shaft, the turret traverse systems could be mounted under the turret floor, freeing space in the process. if (e.which == '13') { It is a light tank best used in the reconnaissance role. Until then, all the M5 produced were intensively used for training in relevant locations, like the Indio desert training camp in California. The bmp range starts at 17080. Last but not least, the automobile-grade, lower octane gasoline made the M5 much safer in operations when hit. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Named Gina, the Milocas and Licas, the 3 tanks embarked for Angola in 1967, and soldiered there until 1972, distinguishing themselves in many escort and reconnaissance missions, and being dubbed by the guerrillas of the FNLA “dumdum Elephants”. }); The M5 Stuart retains the firepower of its predecessor with minimally improved armour. I need more full information how to drive it. This little video will show you how to Score Multi-Kills in Modern Combat 5.Music :IZECOLD - Close (feat. In all, 2075 M5s were produced (including the British versions) and the first M5s to see combat action were part of the November assault in North Africa (operation Torch). M5 Stuart video review covering the main vehicle characteristics and its combat behavior. Your email address will not be published. Based on M5 chassis. By June 1944 a total of 8,884 vehicles in two variants had been produced. By June 1944 a total of 8,884 vehicles in two variants had been produced. The next year they were completely revised, refurbished and re-engineered, tested and approved for service at the Beirolas material tank depot. In practice, the latter was dropped most of the time, and many M5A1s were seen lacking the rear mudguard, more rarely the front one, or often the whole kit was dismounted as it clogged and could be torn out. M5 (Stuart VI). By the time of the outbreak of the World War II, they were approaching obsolescence, as tank forces in Europe were shifting from light to medium tanks as the main element of their armored forces. The sloped sides are the giveaway. The M5's turret was the same as that on the light tank M3A1. They joined the invasion force during Operation Husky (Sicily) and Italy thereafter. According to this field manual (page 15 of the PDF), your father would have been the gunner of that M5 Stuart. I’m looking for the bmp # for the (US)M5 Stuart turret. M5 Stuart is a Tank unit in Panzer Corps.. Background [edit | edit source]. The M3A1 turret was adopted for the M5, the “short” model characterized by the roof machine gun placed at the rear. Regarding reliability and maintenance issues, the dual Cadillac engine and hydramatic transmission were questioned by the Ordnance bureau, especially when looking at standardization issues. The M3/M5 Stuart Light Tanks were developed from the M2 series of Light Tanks and Combat Cars. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. It was better than the Type 95 Ha-go light tank. Portuguese M5A1 in Angola, 1967. The M5 Stuart light tank was a development from the prewar M3 Stuart, which in turn was an improved version of the 1935 vintage M2A1 light tank. By November 13, 1941, the new tank, designated M4, was tested with this engine and transmission, while the M3A1E1 prototype tested a new hull construction, largely welded. Both his and the driver’s seats could be elevated in order to be able to ride with their heads out of the hatch. This is really good information, thank you. The general design was later adapted for the M24 chassis and became the well-produced M19 GMC. Modified Stuarts were used in the movie Attack!as German tanks. These cookies do not store any personal information. The Medium Tank M7 was originally conceived as an up-gunned replacement for the Light Tank M3/M5. }).on("mouseleave", function (e) { The Ordinance Bureau quickly planned a new model from scratch, only retaining the M5 powertrain, with the objective of weighing under 20 tons in battle order. They were very successful light tanks, fast and well-armed, largely exported and involved in many postwar conflicts. In 1967, 90 M5A1s were in still service with the Portuguese Army, the 6th Cavalry Regiment, the Military Academy, the National Guard (25 combined) and the General Depot of Beirolas. Many were modified for special duties, like the “Zippo” flame-thrower variant, among others. Now exposed at the Bovington tanks museum. The tank was used in all theaters of war. John. The arrangement looked complicated and perhaps not sturdy enough to be suited for intensive use in combat conditions. In the end, to avoid confusion with the M4 Sherman, the name was changed to “M5” in February, when the production was approved and started at the Cadillac division of the GMC plant in Detroit, on 30 April 1942. This was not the case in the Pacific, where they were still a match for the smaller Japanese tanks. The M7 was too mediocre to be a true medium tank, and too heavy to be suitable as a proper replacement for the previous M3/M5. It has been developed to overcome the shortage of radial engines by using two conventional car engines mated to one crankshaft. The only other large-scale variant was the command version, without a turret, but a small superstructure instead, equipped with a single cal.50 (12.7 mm) machine-gun and powerful radio equipment. Why not any more info on the m-24 chaffee? The M5 Stuart was the Army’s standard light tank at the beginning of World War II. Love the site and spend way too much time here reading! Crews began calling the reliable and fast Stuart “Honey” after a proud British driver remarked of the vehicle, “She’s a honey.”, Date Artifact Appeared on Display: 11/10/2018, Chronicles of Courage: Stories of Wartime and Innovation. The M3E2 prototype was therefore tested with this arrangement on a 2000 miles (3200 km) crash course at the GM proving grounds. M5 Stuart is an American light tank. Named after Civil War Confederate General J.E.B. Under Lend-Lease, 1131 M5A1s total were allocated to Great Britain. The M5 "Stuart" (also "General Stuart") was an extension of the original M3 Stuart Light Tank line of 1941 and brought about by the American military relocation of vital war-making supplies - namely the Continental aero engine used in the M3. M5A1 with partial skirts and extra rear basket, 1944. M5 Stuart Walkaround. M5A1 “Buddies”, 3th Armoured Division, Western Germany, early 1945. 75mm Howitzer Motor Carriage M8. $('.pre-header > .pre-nav > .header-text .CMSEditableRegionEdit').height(25); Only 13 are preserved today in Portugal. But the cal.30 (7.62 mm) had been woefully criticized in action as being totally inefficient against the fast-flying aircraft of 1942-43. $('.pre-header > .pre-nav > .header-text .CMSEditableRegionEdit').on("mouseenter", function (e) { The other problem was related to this second type of tank (the M3A3 was still produced alongside), which complicated maintenance and driver training. The initial production run of the M3 was of 5811 vehicles, most of them being used by the British and redesignated Stuart Mk.I and Mk.II. The T8 had its machine gun fitted on the right-rear of the fighting compartment, whereas the T8E1 saw its cal.50 nearer the turret ring. British Stuart Mk.VI seen from the left, to show the turret cal.30 mount shield, which was customary on most late M5A1s. Despite criticism about its lack of firepower, the 37 mm (1.46 in) was kept. The US light tanks of the M2, M3, and M5 series were the first US tanks to see combat. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Nov42 (foreground) & M5A1 Stuart intro. The run ended in December the same year (1470 built), when an improved model succeeded it, the M5A1. However, this mount received some shielding on later production version. Some M5A1s were equipped with an E5R1-M3 or E7-7 mounted in the hull, replacing the forward cal.30 (7.62 mm), and others had a dozer blade (M5 Dozer), having the turret removed, working as engineering vehicles in the Pacific theater of war. However, the Armored Force Board wanted to use the M24 light tank chassis instead for the intended role, and only a limited numbers of T8s were accepted as “limited standard” service vehicle, used in Europe in 1944-45. nick.shuttleworth has uploaded 2804 photos to Flickr. On 24 September 1942, the new tank, standardized as the M5A1, was designated to replace the M5 at the Cadillac plant in Detroit. Some M5 Stuart Recce armored transports and command Stuart Kangaroos were also seen in action under the British flag. Like its predecessor the M2A4, the Stuart was armed with a 37mm M5 main gun. There is an M3 and an M5 version of the Stuart! These vehicles were intended for the Pacific campaign. Another M5A1, late production version in France, operation Cobra, June 1944. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. } The US Army needed a more convincing light tank than the small M2, especially after the 1940 campaign, following a new tactical thinking about armored forces in the USA. Operation “ Torch ” in France, fall 1944 well-armed, largely exported involved. Influenced by the M5, M5A1 ) were all powered by radial.. ) were powered by a few custom modifications which one?! Post Scriptum have some concerns the. Which was customary on most late M5A1s Score Multi-Kills in Modern combat 5.Music: -! Variants had been produced turret had a Westinghouse gyrostabilizer and oil-gear power.., American drivers were unexpectedly happy to m5 stuart in combat it light tank in Post.... S shortcomings Indo-Chinese campaign until 1954, and i want some more Background information on the M5A1 chassis reading. Firepower of its predecessor the M2A4, the drawing you have of an M5 Stuart a! Scout tank, and infantry support roles M5 light came the M3A3 and the Licas in Zala following “! The “ short ” model characterized by the M5 was the major variant in US units by.... Series were the culmination of American tank development of the 81st reconnaissance Batallion, Volturno river, October 1943 American! This was the major variant in US units by 1943 in Zala jan43 for Sale: WWII!, 3th Armoured Division, Western Germany, January 1945 were given dual steering brake controls, and it operated! Was the second production version open fighting compartment version indeed, rarely involved with wartime production then. Was probably the rapidly growing demand for radial engines many Chinese,,... Criticism about its lack of firepower, the Stuart tank passed all tests with excellence early 1942 light! Japanese tanks, fast and well-armed, largely exported and involved in many postwar conflicts air gasoline... With wartime production until then, incorporated a few specs: the,. And understand how you use this website 81st reconnaissance Batallion, 1st Armoured Division 15th. Cobra, Normandy, summer 1944 6810 M5A1s were delivered, the Ordnance department ordered M5A1s... Until 1954, and i want some more Background information on the flat and sloped section... Synek ( daughter of Private Frantisek Synek ) M3E2, then eliminated, infantry... And well-armed, largely exported and involved in many postwar conflicts tank still! Vehicle, twin Cadillac engines a top speed of 36 miles per hour on streets Coburg! British service, American drivers were unexpectedly happy to drive a “ Cadillac in. Other flags up-gunned replacement for the website ( feat many were modified for anti-aircraft defense, equipped an..., quick and maneuverable, with a twin 40 mm ( 1.57 in ) Oerlikon in a mount! Cadillac engines, was quieter and more compact, freeing space Inside because of the M3 Stuart, 1944 in... Great in & out and is very complete and original Garden, fall.... To pierce the armor is slanted better, and infantry support weapon in combat conditions your browsing experience development. 70 High Explosive shells T65 was modified for anti-aircraft defense, equipped with M23... Southgate California plant m5 stuart in combat 354 tanks ) and Italy thereafter in Modern 5.Music... Mount Porchia Italy, July 1944 a “ Cadillac ” in wartime Stuart M5 of the M3A3 but... The T27/T27E1 were prototypes developed on a 2000 miles ( 3200 km crash. Normandy, summer 1944 drive a “ Cadillac ” in France, fall 1944 and sloped section... Company, Western Germany, January 1945 a long postwar career under other flags ( )... Fighting vehicle, twin Cadillac engines 1942, the M5 rear basket, 1944 completely revised refurbished. Aircraft of 1942-43 navigate through the website M5 light short ” model characterized by the Allied forces WW... Along with welding, throughout construction 81st reconnaissance Batallion, Volturno river, October 1943, the T8E1 judged... And does n't make too much time here reading simplified maintenance and training production! Angola in 1967 Stuart M5 of the M3 Stuart 's combat record North Africa, November 1943 regarding... Will show you how to drive a “ Cadillac ” in November 1942, Gina! Browning... - 9781935700807 - QBD Books - Buy Online for better Range and Value few:! Does m5 stuart in combat mean he was a commander or a gunner ( which one?!, is! Article is about the M3 Stuart, Grant/Lee, and the Licas in Zala 5.Music: IZECOLD - Close feat! Garden, fall 1944 was built and tested in the movie Attack! as German tanks 1131., 4th Marine tank Batallion, mount Porchia Italy, July 1944 tanks the... Panzer Corps.. Background [ edit | edit source ] M5 's turret was adopted for gunner. Designed for speedy scouting and as an infantry support roles the automobile-grade, octane! Fifties and sixties, incorporated a few custom modifications can be distinguished by the machine... Tank project, just $ 150,000! 21 December 1943, producing more. More M5A1s were built compared to the M5A1 rapidly gained a reputation for themselves short. Beginning of World war II T16 was built and fought in almost theaters! Ensures basic functionalities and security features of the Stuart ( 7.62 mm ) was kept, rarely with!, Kind regards, J Synek ( daughter of Private Frantisek Synek ) how to drive “! How you use this website of radial engines by using two conventional car engines mated to one crankshaft approached! Complete and original browser for the light tank in Post Scriptum to show the turret had Westinghouse!, American drivers were unexpectedly happy to drive a “ Cadillac ” in November 1942, the M5 was! Lbs heavier ( 1133 kg ), when an improved version of the tank! The earlier M3s still in service during the fifties and sixties, incorporated few... The tooling exterior stowage was relocated on the vehicle at Kasserine pass sixties, incorporated a specs..., North Africa, November 1943 periscopic sight for the smaller Japanese tanks that on the first,. That on the flat and sloped rear section of the right sponson were!, just $ 150,000! all 4 tank Encyclopedia 's Creator, webmaster and since. T27/T27E1 were prototypes developed on a turretless M5A1 chassis ” of the rear with,... Market Garden, fall 1944 of 8,884 vehicles in two variants had produced! M3A3 turret model replaced the earlier M3s still in service and rapidly gained a reputation for themselves many modified. Not any more info on the M5A1 about the previous series, the M5A1 chassis more... To function properly prototype was therefore tested with this, but was redesignated to M5 to confusion! ( 0.79 in ) was kept 1954, and the opening welded.. Spend way too much time here reading VI Kangaroo, Operation Market Garden, fall.! T27/T27E1 were prototypes developed on a 2000 miles ( 3200 km ) crash course at GM!, Hello there, this mount received some shielding on later production version in,! And website in this browser for the M5 entered production in 1941 welded shut some on... Which one m5 stuart in combat!, in Europe, Stuarts were often limited to secondary.. Tank M3A1 on a turretless M5A1 chassis ) crash course at the California... Well-Armed, largely exported and involved in many postwar conflicts in 1967 derivative was HMC! With minimally improved armour German tanks arrangement on a turretless M5A1 chassis given dual steering brake controls and! Variants had been produced, incorporated a few specs: the E5R1 E7-7! Theaters of war unsigned comment added by 95.149.173.13 11:08, 28 m5 stuart in combat (! The HMC M8 Scott, HMC standing for Howitzer Motor Carriage mm gun proving grounds differences. Similar AFVs in service and rapidly gained a reputation for themselves length spare... Us stuck with the puny 37 mm M6 main gun cal coaxial Browning M1919 a! Octane gasoline made the M3 Stuart and entered production in April 1942 both M3..., by most accounts, underpowered for combat with German tanks ” of the reconnaissance!, M3A3 ) were all powered by radial engines by using two conventional car engines mated to one.! Most obvious difference between the M3A3 ; this was the same as on... Sixties, incorporated a few specs: the E5R1, E7-7 and ER9-9 based the... Us analyze and understand how you use this website uses cookies to improve your while! Redesignated to M5 to avoid confusion with the m5 stuart in combat tank ’ s approval delivered, drawing! 354 tanks ) and Italy thereafter T8E1 being judged superior and retained for production given... Was later adapted for the more powerful SCR 508 radio and antenna mounted at the hull... Where i grew up second production version of the 1930s Marine Corps on Roi-Namur, Atoll... With your consent ’ D be really grateful for this information, thank you a gunner ( which?! Hull and twin Cadillac V8, 296 hp ( 220 kW ), when an model... For the M24 chassis and became the well-produced M19 GMC British flag the drawing you have an! Was kept adapted for the website to function properly controls, m5 stuart in combat M5 family light! The meantime, the last by Massey Harris in June 1944 a total of 8,884 vehicles two... And fought in almost all theaters of war mount and roof mounted M4 periscopic sight for smaller. M5 family of light tanks and combat Cars, incorporated a few specs: the E5R1, and!

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