Africa borrowed a large sum of money from different nations, bankers and companies that led these lenders to force Africa in cheapen their currency and exert political influence over Africa. The goal in introducing medical services in Nigeria and sub-Saharan Africa was to provide Africans with a more holistic service, given that, as far as the African is concerned, there is no separation between the physical and the spiritual dimension of human life. The Africans affected lost a large part of their sense of identity, self-respect, pride in their blackness etc. I seek, in this article, to contest the claim that the Christian faith, as one of the major religions in Africa, predominantly fosters negative effects (like conflicts, laziness, fear, lack of curiosity/creativity and violence), and argue that Christianity has been a contributor to progress and development and also a force for more peaceful societies in Africa and the world. Furthermore, church education opened people’s minds to democratic ideals. Most Christians believe in one God in three Persons (the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit) and that Jesus is the Son of God who rose from the dead after being crucified; a Christian hopes to attain eternal life after death through faith in Jesus Christ…”. There are so many negative effects of religion which unfortunately our society don't pay much attention to, and these have a more debilitating effect on our forward match to being a more matured and developed place. 8. The new international boundaries were “drawn by Europeans, for Europeans,” and paid little a… Now ‘more religion’ here does not mean that the cure for religiously induced evils lies in increased blind religious zeal (which is at the very heart of the problems observed by Mr Okyere in his article). It is only the severest critic that can see a mission hospital or school or a village borehole and still claim that Africa would be better off without Christianity. However, it is clear that, as far as HIV and AIDS are concerned, that the church’s assistance is limited to psychological, limited financial assistance, and house care – cooking, cleaning, occasional child care and so forth. The arrival of Christian religion like the Moslem religion in Africa has a far-reaching effect on the society. The HIPC resulted in some positive and negative effects on the economy in Africa. Africa is now at risk of being in debt once again, particularly in Sub-Saharan African countries. In this article, I will support the above thesis by countering Mr Okyere’s arguments about the undesirable character of Christianity and then conclude with a little explanation of what the core Christian teaching is. All trademarks and copyrights on this page are owned by their respective owners. Even Jesus himself cautioned his followers not to live by the sword (Matthew 26:52). FEATURED: Live Updates: Ghanaians Go To The Polls... On 17 August 2016, an article titled, “The Damning Effects Of Religion In Africa,” written by Kofi Asamoah Okyere was published on Modernghana.com in which the writer sought to establish a case that religion impeded the development of Africa. The Congress of Berlin, held between 1884 and 1885, laid out the rules for European colonization, meaning in the 30 years following, European countries divided up newly colonized territories in a series of bilateral agreements. 2 hours ago, When You Run Your Own Race, Life Won’t Fail You, Gabby Otchere writes on NDC Presidential Election Conundrum, Who wears the robe? Here are ten ways missions has impacted Africa. effects of colonialism in africa- positives & negatives Before we write indecently or read about how the colonization begins, it is, of course, important to know the effects on the structure of Africa, what it meant Africa doing, what it took from Africa and what it added to Africa as a continent, all of these will be looking into under a refined section. Implication of Boko Haram Insurgence for Nigeria, Causes and Effects of Climate Change in Nigeria, Vocational and Technical Education in Nigeria, Causes and Effects of Insecurity in Northern Nigeria, Effect of Insecurity in Nigeria on Economic Development, A Major Cause of Insecurity in Nigeria: Corruption, Climate Change, Conflict, and Insecurity in Nigeria. When Mr Okyere complaints that governments in Africa use religion as a vehicle to stir up trouble among people to advance their political and parochial interests it only says more about the kind of people we have in our governments than it does about the contents of the Christian religion. Far from having cowed or confined its converts, their faith appeared to have liberated and relaxed them. Two thousand years later, Christian presence has left indelible marks on the continent—some positive, some less so. EARLY AFRICAN CHRISTIANITY Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Patheos Explore the world's faith through different perspectives on religion and spirituality! The concept of universal human rights and equality comes exclusively from the biblical idea that all people are created in the image of God. The tenets of Christianity are recorded in the book of books called the “Holy Bible.” It … People (even non-religious ones) have different ways of understanding and interpreting things; some are reasonable, others are not. The more the Christian faith is reduced to shallow religiosity that is essentially targeted at motivating, empowering and giving meaning to the everyday life issues that are shaped by economic or national interests, the worse off African societies will be. Nonetheless, there are people who trust the church’s ability to help, especially as a result of the church’s teaching influence, which specifically warns against indulging in risky sex behavior. Jesus defied the tradition of his time and treated women in a much more equal and dignifying way than was normal in the society of that time. Under the influence of Christianity, education, personal responsibility, personal morality and individual freedom are all improving. For 18 years he regularly introduced anti-slavery motions in Parliament. in the partition of Africa", in Journal of African Studies, 3, 2, 1976, 183-203, 184 & 186. To ascertain the nature of the contemporary relation between religion and politics in Africa, it is necessary to take int… In places where Africans had practiced a separate form of religion, had their own societal rules and ethical laws Western Christianity was imposed as a method of guised colonialism. Their works are available in libraries and bookstores for anyone willing to examine them. The fact that evidence points in a certain direction do not guarantee that everyone will accept it. Women. 40 harmful effects of Christianity. Copyright © 2017 ResearchCyber.com. Religion creates an avenue for many charlatans to parade as so-called men of God to fleece the poor of their meagre resources. In his book, A Time of Transitions (2006), he emphatically observes that it is Christianity alone that accounts for the liberty, conscience, human rights, and democracy, which have become the benchmarks of western civilization. Not included in this total of "countries" and listed separately are: Women were normally left to attend to domestic affairs at home but Jesus allowed women to travel with him and his twelve disciples (Luke 8:1-3). It is not surprisingly, therefore, literacy rates till today remain higher in Christian dominated regions of Nigeria compared to Islam-dominated areas. It has no merit. A lot of western charity funds are administered through Christian NGOs in Africa. The missionary and the medical practitioner were therefore equally significant as far as the spread of Christianity was concerned. However, the ugly side of Chrisitianity in Africa cannot be ignored. It was too obvious that what these people were in their character was actually influenced by a conception of man's place in the Universe that Christianity had taught. century Christianity had been planted in most parts of Southern Nigeria, (Okwueze, 1995). Any student of the history of modern science cannot deny that scientific inquiry grew out of a religious tradition. Matthew Parris, describing his observation of the Christians he found in Malawi and across the continent, wrote: “The Christians were always different. Lecky has commented on the Enlightenment that “The greatest religious change in the history of mankind” took place “under the eyes of a brilliant galaxy of philosophers and historians who disregarded as contemptible an Agency (Christianity) which all men must now admit to have been . South Africa Correspondence to: David Adamo Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Postal address: Private bag X20 Hatfield, Pretoria 0028, South Africa Dates: Received: 06 Oct. 2009 Accepted: 11 May 2011 Published: 31 Oct. 2011 How to cite this article: Adamo, D.T., 2011, ‘Christianity and the African traditional religion(s): The postcolonial round of effects of missionaries in East Africa They spread Christianity and baptized many converts. The Christian Gospel is not just about getting souls into heaven, but bettering conditions on planet earth as well. Christianity found its way to Sudan in the 1st century as well, and the region's Nubian churches had links to those in Egypt. The importance of Christianity in the introduction of health care and medical science is captured in the following statement: “… Christian missions have been almost everywhere the introducer of western medical, surgical, and public health methods, and the pioneer trainer of Nigerians and Africans in these skills.”. In other words, the West has abandoned God but is still stealing from God. This requirement necessitated serious education initiatives on the part of Christian missionaries. This reduced the number of people who would have been Muslims and African traditionalists. The journal publishes articles on the work of African regional and sub-regional human rights bodies as well as the work of international bodies related to Africa. . So rather than being static and un-progressive, biblical Christian teaching enables men to be curious and creative. That a technology is being used by criminals to further their ends says more about the people using the technology than it does about the technology itself. Mark the Evangelist made history in the year 43 when he became the first bishop to serve in the Orthodox Church of Alexandria. One of the primary effects of the spread of Islam into North Africa was the acceptance of the Arabic language. As a result, it is true to say that the African health landscape changed for the better: there was a decline in child and maternal mortality rates, and an increase in the life expectancy of Nigerians. Human Rights. In this article, we describe the impact of Christianity in Nigeria. Political tool: Does Christianity cause physical conflicts? I think anyone who makes this charge should first take a look at how Jesus treated women and then juxtapose it with any other practice he observes amongst professing Christians and then come to a conclusion as to whether what he has observed is consistent with Jesus’ or is a departure from Jesus’. Negative Effects of Religion 1. Does Membership of NDC Bestow Bravery on People? This is the kind of real transformation Mr Parris observed in the African Christians which led him to conclude his article saying: “Those who want Africa to walk tall amid 21st-century global competition must not kid themselves that providing the material means or even the knowhow that accompanies what we call development will make the change. All of them were imbedded in positive and negative categories as explained by;- The missionary societies converted the west African people and generally in the whole of Africa into Christianity. Africa is marked by a high degree of political and religious heterogeneity, making a study of politics and religion in the region complex but rewarding. The traders and missionaries believed an educated population to be a precondition for the spread of commerce and Christianity; the first European educational ventures were a direct product of their activities. It is rather interesting to note that London’s The Times newspaper, on December 27, 2008, published an incisive article by Matthew Parris, a British Political Writer and an atheist, titled “As an atheist, I truly believe Africa needs God,” in which the writer came to the opposite conclusion from that of Mr Okyere. The missionaries’ fight for justice helped to introduce certain humane considerations and actions into the activities carried out by the colonial authorities. In parts of Nigeria, mission work would not be complete without serious attention to health care. This religion has had a profound effect on the social and political development of modern Africa. This is where Jesus Christ stands unrivalled among the founders of all the world religions. The abolition of slavery by the British parliament in 1807 was largely due to the work of William Wilberforce, a deeply religious member of parliament. In fact, according to Matthew Parris, while working in Africa, he observed some of his African Christian work colleagues and confessed that it would have been convenient to believe (because of his worldview) that their honesty, diligence and optimism in their work was unconnected with personal faith but this did not fit the facts. There is a direct link between religion and laziness which contributes to poverty in Africa; religion makes people lackadaisical in their attitude towards finding practical ways to improve their undesirable living conditions. Regards! More importantly, the church also provides people living with HIV with a community. This influence is undoubtedly the result of the phenomenal growth of Christianity experienced in sub-Saharan Africa. Today, membership in Christian churches is growing faster in Africa than anywhere else in the world. We see this in our national politics all the time. If a preacher gives an interpretation of a certain passage, we can always check with the Bible and the context of the passage. We begin to exalt commitment over feelings, forgiveness over anger, patience over shortcuts, honesty over deception and sacrifice over comfort. Many governments in Africa use religion as a vehicle to incite disaffection among people in a bid to advance their political interests. In the fifteenth century, Christianity came to Africa’s coastlines … Religion is a major cause of physical conflicts and doctrinal disputes in Africa and the world as a whole. Our findings show that Christianity have been significant in all the three spheres of life. Innovation and scientific inventions are only possible when people are encouraged to think out of the box. He gave two definitions of religion as follows: “Religion can be loosely defined as a belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny. In particular, we show that the diversity of investments brought by Christian missionaries to the region had different, and sometimes conflicting, effects on long-term development. Your email address will not be published. Christianity in Africa arrived in Egypt in the middle of the 1st century. Slavery: An Unlikely Catalyst. For your custom-made paper, report, or article; kindly call 0703 022 8325. For example, Toyin Falola asserts that there were some missionaries who believed that "the agenda of colonialism in Africa was similar to that of Christianity". Medical advances in the region have made this aspiration a reality. Perhaps, the motivation for the introduction of health care was primarily to create an environment that was conducive to the spread of the gospel. Such an argument clearly will be dead on arrival. The introduction of medical services in Christian mission stations contributed a great deal to the good health enjoyed by Nigerians converts to Christianity, particularly because this integrated approach to health care also eliminated the many epidemics which, historically, had ravaged the Nigerian and African population. Most of the points the writer used as evidence for his case ended up proving the damaging effects of the abuse of the teachings of Christianity rather than proving a negative logical outworking of the Christian faith; the evidence only proved that professing Christians have not been Christian enough. This is what Christians call the new birth – our natural desires and inclinations are remoulded and redirected: our desire for power turns into a love for humility and service. Wherever Christian missionaries and workers have gone, there has been tremendous work in social reform. The African Human Rights Law Journal (AHRLJ) is a peer-reviewed journal on human rights related topics in Africa. Conversion to Christ and the advancement of his kingdom necessitates transformation and this, in turn, is not only related to certain democratic values but, importantly, is based on true love for God and for one’s fellow human beings. In his message entitled “We are members one of another» (Eph 4:25) From social network communities to the human community, released on the feast day of St Francis de Sales, Patron Saint of Journalists, the Pope underlines that the Internet and social media are an important resource. Along with its colonial rivals, Britain was responsible for drawing international boundaries onto Africa in the late 1800s. Many Christians in Africa have drawn upon their faith to survive and thrive, and to help their fellow human beings in numerous ways. Rather than only pointing you to some enlightening great teachings and deep truths, he, by his power, transforms hearts that are dead to God into hearts that are alive to God. By Lydia O’Kane. Recall the Scottish missionary Mar Slessor, who stopped the killing of twins in coastal towns of southern Nigeria. I seek, in this article, to contest the claim that the Christian faith, as one of the major religions in Africa, predominantly fosters negative effects (like conflicts, laziness, fear, lack of curiosity/creativity and violence), and argue that Christianity has been a contributor to progress and development and also a force for more peaceful societies in Africa and the world. Required fields are marked *. The article showed how Christianity affected Nigeria, in terms of education, socio-political life, and in health. In this column, we will show that Christianity in sub-Saharan Africa had long-lasting consequences on development. Religious doctrines create a sense of fear or timidity in its adherents. Historically speaking, it cannot be gainsaid that Christians have been very proactive when it comes to the establishment of hospitals, schools and NGOs that are helping to alleviate poverty in Africa. 344 Numerous scholars have drawn attention to the flourishing of Christianity in contemporary Africa in such a way that they underline a critical shift in the epicenter of Christianity from the North to the South. Modern Ghana will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article. By the end of the 2nd century it had reached the region around Carthage.In the 4th century, the Aksumite empire in modern-day Eritrea and Ethiopia became one of the first regions in the world to adopt Christianity as an official religion and the Nubian kingdoms of Nobatia, Makuria and Alodia followed two centuries later. Thus I think the argument about Christianity being one of the religions making adherents lethargic should be shelved. Aristotle said that a woman was somewhere between a free man and a slave. Why Would A Loving God Send People To Hell? They stood tall.”. Despite the pessimism that followed as a result of the threat of rapid Islam advances and harsh treatment meted out by the authorities, Christianity has indeed spread like wild fires in Nigeria and the whole of sub-Saharan Africa. One major positive impact of globalization on Africa is that it has made available information on how other countries are governed and the freedom s and rights their people enjoy. Does Christianity discourage Science and curiosity? Some missionary enterprises did not just focus on evangelization, but displayed a holistic approach to the missionary enterprise encompassing the whole spectrum of human activity, which included commerce, Christianity, and civilization (meaning good government, education etc.). For instance, missionaries and their supporters were the main lobbyists for the immediate abolition of slavery and other forms of forced labor in the whole of Africa. I will not argue that the Christian faith has not and does not continue to be used to promote undesirable effects like fear, violence, laziness and suchlike. 1. These missionaries believed that the task of fighting against or opposing the slave trade was indeed the work of those filled with the Holy Spirit. Also read: Positive and negative effects of globalization. Christians have built roads, orphanages, schools, hospitals, etc. Christianity is targeted by critics of colonialism because the tenets of the religion were used to justify the actions of the colonists. Hence, they were totally against the horrors of slavery and every cruelty. The effects of the Christian missionaries on West Africa and Liberia definitely brought more results than just the spreading of Christianity but also contributed to changes in government, culture, tradition, language, and relationships. The phenomenal growth of Christianity in Africa Optimism about the success of the missionary endeavour emerged from the 1910 Edinburgh World Missionary The gospel message brought about real transformation, which instilled divine principles and humaneness in the socio-political lives of Nigerian people. Indeed, even Prof. Richard Dawkins, perhaps the most vociferous atheist of our time, admitted in a debate with Prof. John Lennox that science did grow out of a religious tradition. Does Christianity discriminate against women? In present day Nigeria and sub-Saharan Africa, the HIV epidemic is one of the most disruptive social problem in the continent. Jesus even encouraged Martha to do likewise (Luke 10:38-42). 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